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RADIUS Attributes for Tunnel Protocol Support.
G. Zorn, D. Leifer, A. Rubens, J. Shriver, M. Holdrege, I. Goyret. June 2000.

 
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Network Working Group G. Zorn Request for Comments: 2868 Cisco Systems, Inc. Updates: RFC 2865 D. Leifer Category: Informational A. Rubens Ascend Communications J. Shriver Intel Corporation M. Holdrege ipVerse I. Goyret Lucent Technologies June 2000 RADIUS Attributes for Tunnel Protocol Support Status of this Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000). All Rights Reserved. Abstract This document defines a set of RADIUS attributes designed to support the provision of compulsory tunneling in dial-up networks. 1. Motivation Many applications of tunneling protocols such as L2TP involve dial-up network access. Some, such as the provision of access to corporate intranets via the Internet, are characterized by voluntary tunneling: the tunnel is created at the request of the user for a specific purpose. Other applications involve compulsory tunneling: the tunnel is created without any action from the user and without allowing the user any choice in the matter. In order to provide this functionality, new RADIUS attributes are needed to carry the tunneling information from the RADIUS server to the tunnel end points; this document defines those attributes. Specific recommendations for, and examples of, the application of these attributes for L2TP can be found in RFC 2809. Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 1]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 2. Specification of Requirements In this document, the key words "MAY", "MUST, "MUST NOT", "optional", "recommended", "SHOULD", and "SHOULD NOT", are to be interpreted as described in [14]. 3. Attributes Multiple instances of each of the attributes defined below may be included in a single RADIUS packet. In this case, the attributes to be applied to any given tunnel SHOULD all contain the same value in their respective Tag fields; otherwise, the Tag field SHOULD NOT be used. If the RADIUS server returns attributes describing multiple tunnels then the tunnels SHOULD be interpreted by the tunnel initiator as alternatives and the server SHOULD include an instance of the Tunnel-Preference Attribute in the set of Attributes pertaining to each alternative tunnel. Similarly, if the RADIUS client includes multiple sets of tunnel Attributes in an Access-Request packet, all the Attributes pertaining to a given tunnel SHOULD contain the same value in their respective Tag fields and each set SHOULD include an appropriately valued instance of the Tunnel-Preference Attribute. 3.1. Tunnel-Type Description This Attribute indicates the tunneling protocol(s) to be used (in the case of a tunnel initiator) or the the tunneling protocol in use (in the case of a tunnel terminator). It MAY be included in Access-Request, Access-Accept and Accounting-Request packets. If the Tunnel-Type Attribute is present in an Access-Request packet sent from a tunnel initiator, it SHOULD be taken as a hint to the RADIUS server as to the tunnelling protocols supported by the tunnel end-point; the RADIUS server MAY ignore the hint, however. A tunnel initiator is not required to implement any of these tunnel types; if a tunnel initiator receives an Access-Accept packet which contains only unknown or unsupported Tunnel-Types, the tunnel initiator MUST behave as though an Access-Reject had been received instead. If the Tunnel-Type Attribute is present in an Access-Request packet sent from a tunnel terminator, it SHOULD be taken to signify the tunnelling protocol in use. In this case, if the RADIUS server determines that the use of the communicated protocol is not authorized, it MAY return an Access-Reject packet. If a tunnel terminator receives an Access-Accept packet which contains Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 2]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 one or more Tunnel-Type Attributes, none of which represent the tunneling protocol in use, the tunnel terminator SHOULD behave as though an Access-Reject had been received instead. A summary of the Tunnel-Type Attribute format is shown below. The fields are transmitted from left to right. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Tag | Value +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Value (cont) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 64 for Tunnel-Type Length Always 6. Tag The Tag field is one octet in length and is intended to provide a means of grouping attributes in the same packet which refer to the same tunnel. Valid values for this field are 0x01 through 0x1F, inclusive. If the Tag field is unused, it MUST be zero (0x00). Value The Value field is three octets and contains one of the following values, indicating the type of tunnel to be started. 1 Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) [1] 2 Layer Two Forwarding (L2F) [2] 3 Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) [3] 4 Ascend Tunnel Management Protocol (ATMP) [4] 5 Virtual Tunneling Protocol (VTP) 6 IP Authentication Header in the Tunnel-mode (AH) [5] 7 IP-in-IP Encapsulation (IP-IP) [6] 8 Minimal IP-in-IP Encapsulation (MIN-IP-IP) [7] 9 IP Encapsulating Security Payload in the Tunnel-mode (ESP) [8] 10 Generic Route Encapsulation (GRE) [9] 11 Bay Dial Virtual Services (DVS) 12 IP-in-IP Tunneling [10] Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 3]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 3.2. Tunnel-Medium-Type Description The Tunnel-Medium-Type Attribute indicates which transport medium to use when creating a tunnel for those protocols (such as L2TP) that can operate over multiple transports. It MAY be included in both Access-Request and Access-Accept packets; if it is present in an Access-Request packet, it SHOULD be taken as a hint to the RADIUS server as to the tunnel media supported by the tunnel end- point. The RADIUS server MAY ignore the hint, however. A summary of the Tunnel-Medium-Type Attribute format is given below. The fields are transmitted left to right. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Tag | Value | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Value (cont) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 65 for Tunnel-Medium-Type Length 6 Tag The Tag field is one octet in length and is intended to provide a means of grouping attributes in the same packet which refer to the same tunnel. Valid values for this field are 0x01 through 0x1F, inclusive. If the Tag field is unused, it MUST be zero (0x00). Value The Value field is three octets and contains one of the values listed under "Address Family Numbers" in [14]. For the sake of convenience, a relevant excerpt of this list is reproduced below. 1 IPv4 (IP version 4) 2 IPv6 (IP version 6) 3 NSAP 4 HDLC (8-bit multidrop) 5 BBN 1822 6 802 (includes all 802 media plus Ethernet "canonical format") 7 E.163 (POTS) 8 E.164 (SMDS, Frame Relay, ATM) Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 4]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 9 F.69 (Telex) 10 X.121 (X.25, Frame Relay) 11 IPX 12 Appletalk 13 Decnet IV 14 Banyan Vines 15 E.164 with NSAP format subaddress 3.3. Tunnel-Client-Endpoint Description This Attribute contains the address of the initiator end of the tunnel. It MAY be included in both Access-Request and Access- Accept packets to indicate the address from which a new tunnel is to be initiated. If the Tunnel-Client-Endpoint Attribute is included in an Access-Request packet, the RADIUS server should take the value as a hint; the server is not obligated to honor the hint, however. This Attribute SHOULD be included in Accounting- Request packets which contain Acct-Status-Type attributes with values of either Start or Stop, in which case it indicates the address from which the tunnel was initiated. This Attribute, along with the Tunnel-Server-Endpoint and Acct-Tunnel-Connection- ID attributes, may be used to provide a globally unique means to identify a tunnel for accounting and auditing purposes. A summary of the Tunnel-Client-Endpoint Attribute format is shown below. The fields are transmitted from left to right. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Tag | String ... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 66 for Tunnel-Client-Endpoint. Length >= 3 Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 5]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 Tag The Tag field is one octet in length and is intended to provide a means of grouping attributes in the same packet which refer to the same tunnel. If the value of the Tag field is greater than 0x00 and less than or equal to 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as indicating which tunnel (of several alternatives) this attribute pertains. If the Tag field is greater than 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as the first byte of the following String field. String The format of the address represented by the String field depends upon the value of the Tunnel-Medium-Type attribute. If Tunnel-Medium-Type is IPv4 (1), then this string is either the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the tunnel client machine, or it is a "dotted-decimal" IP address. Conformant implementations MUST support the dotted-decimal format and SHOULD support the FQDN format for IP addresses. If Tunnel-Medium-Type is IPv6 (2), then this string is either the FQDN of the tunnel client machine, or it is a text representation of the address in either the preferred or alternate form [17]. Conformant implementations MUST support the preferred form and SHOULD support both the alternate text form and the FQDN format for IPv6 addresses. If Tunnel-Medium-Type is neither IPv4 nor IPv6, this string is a tag referring to configuration data local to the RADIUS client that describes the interface and medium-specific address to use. 3.4. Tunnel-Server-Endpoint Description This Attribute indicates the address of the server end of the tunnel. The Tunnel-Server-Endpoint Attribute MAY be included (as a hint to the RADIUS server) in the Access-Request packet and MUST be included in the Access-Accept packet if the initiation of a tunnel is desired. It SHOULD be included in Accounting-Request packets which contain Acct-Status-Type attributes with values of either Start or Stop and which pertain to a tunneled session. This Attribute, along with the Tunnel-Client-Endpoint and Acct- Tunnel-Connection-ID Attributes [11], may be used to provide a globally unique means to identify a tunnel for accounting and auditing purposes. Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 6]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 A summary of the Tunnel-Server-Endpoint Attribute format is shown below. The fields are transmitted from left to right. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Tag | String ... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 67 for Tunnel-Server-Endpoint. Length >= 3 Tag The Tag field is one octet in length and is intended to provide a means of grouping attributes in the same packet which refer to the same tunnel. If the value of the Tag field is greater than 0x00 and less than or equal to 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as indicating which tunnel (of several alternatives) this attribute pertains. If the Tag field is greater than 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as the first byte of the following String field. String The format of the address represented by the String field depends upon the value of the Tunnel-Medium-Type attribute. If Tunnel-Medium-Type is IPv4 (1), then this string is either the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the tunnel client machine, or it is a "dotted-decimal" IP address. Conformant implementations MUST support the dotted-decimal format and SHOULD support the FQDN format for IP addresses. If Tunnel-Medium-Type is IPv6 (2), then this string is either the FQDN of the tunnel client machine, or it is a text representation of the address in either the preferred or alternate form [17]. Conformant implementations MUST support the preferred form and SHOULD support both the alternate text form and the FQDN format for IPv6 addresses. If Tunnel-Medium-Type is not IPv4 or IPv6, this string is a tag referring to configuration data local to the RADIUS client that describes the interface and medium-specific address to use. Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 7]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 3.5. Tunnel-Password Description This Attribute may contain a password to be used to authenticate to a remote server. It may only be included in an Access-Accept packet. A summary of the Tunnel-Password Attribute format is shown below. The fields are transmitted from left to right. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Tag | Salt +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Salt (cont) | String ... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 69 for Tunnel-Password Length >= 5 Tag The Tag field is one octet in length and is intended to provide a means of grouping attributes in the same packet which refer to the same tunnel. Valid values for this field are 0x01 through 0x1F, inclusive. If the value of the Tag field is greater than 0x00 and less than or equal to 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as indicating which tunnel (of several alternatives) this attribute pertains; otherwise, the Tag field SHOULD be ignored. Salt The Salt field is two octets in length and is used to ensure the uniqueness of the encryption key used to encrypt each instance of the Tunnel-Password attribute occurring in a given Access-Accept packet. The most significant bit (leftmost) of the Salt field MUST be set (1). The contents of each Salt field in a given Access-Accept packet MUST be unique. String The plaintext String field consists of three logical sub-fields: the Data-Length and Password sub-fields (both of which are required), and the optional Padding sub-field. The Data-Length sub-field is one octet in length and contains the length of the unencrypted Password sub-field. The Password sub-field contains Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 8]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 the actual tunnel password. If the combined length (in octets) of the unencrypted Data-Length and Password sub-fields is not an even multiple of 16, then the Padding sub-field MUST be present. If it is present, the length of the Padding sub-field is variable, between 1 and 15 octets. The String field MUST be encrypted as follows, prior to transmission: Construct a plaintext version of the String field by concatenating the Data-Length and Password sub-fields. If necessary, pad the resulting string until its length (in octets) is an even multiple of 16. It is recommended that zero octets (0x00) be used for padding. Call this plaintext P. Call the shared secret S, the pseudo-random 128-bit Request Authenticator (from the corresponding Access-Request packet) R, and the contents of the Salt field A. Break P into 16 octet chunks p(1), p(2)...p(i), where i = len(P)/16. Call the ciphertext blocks c(1), c(2)...c(i) and the final ciphertext C. Intermediate values b(1), b(2)...c(i) are required. Encryption is performed in the following manner ('+' indicates concatenation): b(1) = MD5(S + R + A) c(1) = p(1) xor b(1) C = c(1) b(2) = MD5(S + c(1)) c(2) = p(2) xor b(2) C = C + c(2) . . . . . . b(i) = MD5(S + c(i-1)) c(i) = p(i) xor b(i) C = C + c(i) The resulting encrypted String field will contain c(1)+c(2)+...+c(i). On receipt, the process is reversed to yield the plaintext String. 3.6. Tunnel-Private-Group-ID Description This Attribute indicates the group ID for a particular tunneled session. The Tunnel-Private-Group-ID Attribute MAY be included in the Access-Request packet if the tunnel initiator can pre- determine the group resulting from a particular connection and SHOULD be included in the Access-Accept packet if this tunnel session is to be treated as belonging to a particular private group. Private groups may be used to associate a tunneled session with a particular group of users. For example, it may be used to facilitate routing of unregistered IP addresses through a Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 9]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 particular interface. It SHOULD be included in Accounting-Request packets which contain Acct-Status-Type attributes with values of either Start or Stop and which pertain to a tunneled session. A summary of the Tunnel-Private-Group-ID Attribute format is shown below. The fields are transmitted from left to right. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Tag | String ... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 81 for Tunnel-Private-Group-ID. Length >= 3 Tag The Tag field is one octet in length and is intended to provide a means of grouping attributes in the same packet which refer to the same tunnel. If the value of the Tag field is greater than 0x00 and less than or equal to 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as indicating which tunnel (of several alternatives) this attribute pertains. If the Tag field is greater than 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as the first byte of the following String field. String This field must be present. The group is represented by the String field. There is no restriction on the format of group IDs. 3.7. Tunnel-Assignment-ID Description This Attribute is used to indicate to the tunnel initiator the particular tunnel to which a session is to be assigned. Some tunneling protocols, such as PPTP and L2TP, allow for sessions between the same two tunnel endpoints to be multiplexed over the same tunnel and also for a given session to utilize its own dedicated tunnel. This attribute provides a mechanism for RADIUS to be used to inform the tunnel initiator (e.g. PAC, LAC) whether to assign the session to a multiplexed tunnel or to a separate tunnel. Furthermore, it allows for sessions sharing multiplexed tunnels to be assigned to different multiplexed tunnels. Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 10]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 A particular tunneling implementation may assign differing characteristics to particular tunnels. For example, different tunnels may be assigned different QOS parameters. Such tunnels may be used to carry either individual or multiple sessions. The Tunnel-Assignment-ID attribute thus allows the RADIUS server to indicate that a particular session is to be assigned to a tunnel that provides an appropriate level of service. It is expected that any QOS-related RADIUS tunneling attributes defined in the future that accompany this attribute will be associated by the tunnel initiator with the ID given by this attribute. In the meantime, any semantic given to a particular ID string is a matter left to local configuration in the tunnel initiator. The Tunnel-Assignment-ID attribute is of significance only to RADIUS and the tunnel initiator. The ID it specifies is intended to be of only local use to RADIUS and the tunnel initiator. The ID assigned by the tunnel initiator is not conveyed to the tunnel peer. This attribute MAY be included in the Access-Accept. The tunnel initiator receiving this attribute MAY choose to ignore it and assign the session to an arbitrary multiplexed or non-multiplexed tunnel between the desired endpoints. This attribute SHOULD also be included in Accounting-Request packets which contain Acct- Status-Type attributes with values of either Start or Stop and which pertain to a tunneled session. If a tunnel initiator supports the Tunnel-Assignment-ID Attribute, then it should assign a session to a tunnel in the following manner: If this attribute is present and a tunnel exists between the specified endpoints with the specified ID, then the session should be assigned to that tunnel. If this attribute is present and no tunnel exists between the specified endpoints with the specified ID, then a new tunnel should be established for the session and the specified ID should be associated with the new tunnel. If this attribute is not present, then the session is assigned to an unnamed tunnel. If an unnamed tunnel does not yet exist between the specified endpoints then it is established and used for this and subsequent sessions established without the Tunnel-Assignment-ID attribute. A tunnel initiator MUST NOT assign a session for which a Tunnel-Assignment-ID Attribute was not specified to a named tunnel (i.e. one that was initiated by a session specifying this attribute). Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 11]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 Note that the same ID may be used to name different tunnels if such tunnels are between different endpoints. A summary of the Tunnel-Assignment-ID Attribute format is shown below. The fields are transmitted from left to right. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Tag | String ... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 82 for Tunnel-Assignment-ID. Length >= 3 Tag The Tag field is one octet in length and is intended to provide a means of grouping attributes in the same packet which refer to the same tunnel. If the value of the Tag field is greater than 0x00 and less than or equal to 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as indicating which tunnel (of several alternatives) this attribute pertains. If the Tag field is greater than 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as the first byte of the following String field. String This field must be present. The tunnel ID is represented by the String field. There is no restriction on the format of the ID. 3.8. Tunnel-Preference Description If more than one set of tunneling attributes is returned by the RADIUS server to the tunnel initiator, this Attribute SHOULD be included in each set to indicate the relative preference assigned to each tunnel. For example, suppose that Attributes describing two tunnels are returned by the server, one with a Tunnel-Type of PPTP and the other with a Tunnel-Type of L2TP. If the tunnel initiator supports only one of the Tunnel-Types returned, it will initiate a tunnel of that type. If, however, it supports both tunnel protocols, it SHOULD use the value of the Tunnel-Preference Attribute to decide which tunnel should be started. The tunnel having the numerically lowest value in the Value field of this Attribute SHOULD be given the highest preference. The values assigned to two or more instances of the Tunnel-Preference Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 12]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 Attribute within a given Access-Accept packet MAY be identical. In this case, the tunnel initiator SHOULD use locally configured metrics to decide which set of attributes to use. This Attribute MAY be included (as a hint to the server) in Access-Request packets, but the RADIUS server is not required to honor this hint. A summary of the Tunnel-Preference Attribute format is shown below. The fields are transmitted from left to right. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Tag | Value +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Value (cont) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 83 for Tunnel-Preference Length Always 6. Tag The Tag field is one octet in length and is intended to provide a means of grouping attributes in the same packet which refer to the same tunnel. Valid values for this field are 0x01 through 0x1F, inclusive. If the Tag field is unused, it MUST be zero (0x00). Value The Value field is three octets in length and indicates the preference to be given to the tunnel to which it refers; higher preference is given to lower values, with 0x000000 being most preferred and 0xFFFFFF least preferred. 3.9. Tunnel-Client-Auth-ID Description This Attribute specifies the name used by the tunnel initiator during the authentication phase of tunnel establishment. The Tunnel-Client-Auth-ID Attribute MAY be included (as a hint to the RADIUS server) in the Access-Request packet, and MUST be included in the Access-Accept packet if an authentication name other than the default is desired. This Attribute SHOULD be included in Accounting-Request packets which contain Acct-Status-Type attributes with values of either Start or Stop and which pertain to a tunneled session. Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 13]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 A summary of the Tunnel-Client-Auth-ID Attribute format is shown below. The fields are transmitted from left to right. 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Tag | String ... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 90 for Tunnel-Client-Auth-ID. Length >= 3 Tag The Tag field is one octet in length and is intended to provide a means of grouping attributes in the same packet which refer to the same tunnel. If the value of the Tag field is greater than 0x00 and less than or equal to 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as indicating which tunnel (of several alternatives) this attribute pertains. If the Tag field is greater than 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as the first byte of the following String field. String This field must be present. The String field contains the authentication name of the tunnel initiator. The authentication name SHOULD be represented in the UTF-8 charset. 3.10. Tunnel-Server-Auth-ID Description This Attribute specifies the name used by the tunnel terminator during the authentication phase of tunnel establishment. The Tunnel-Client-Auth-ID Attribute MAY be included (as a hint to the RADIUS server) in the Access-Request packet, and MUST be included in the Access-Accept packet if an authentication name other than the default is desired. This Attribute SHOULD be included in Accounting-Request packets which contain Acct-Status-Type attributes with values of either Start or Stop and which pertain to a tunneled session. A summary of the Tunnel-Server-Auth-ID Attribute format is shown below. The fields are transmitted from left to right. Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 14]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Type | Length | Tag | String ... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Type 91 for Tunnel-Server-Auth-ID. Length >= 3 Tag The Tag field is one octet in length and is intended to provide a means of grouping attributes in the same packet which refer to the same tunnel. If the value of the Tag field is greater than 0x00 and less than or equal to 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as indicating which tunnel (of several alternatives) this attribute pertains. If the Tag field is greater than 0x1F, it SHOULD be interpreted as the first byte of the following String field. String This field must be present. The String field contains the authentication name of the tunnel terminator. The authentication name SHOULD be represented in the UTF-8 charset. 4. Table of Attributes The following table provides a guide to which of the above attributes may be found in which kinds of packets, and in what quantity. Request Accept Reject Challenge Acct-Request # Attribute 0+ 0+ 0 0 0-1 64 Tunnel-Type 0+ 0+ 0 0 0-1 65 Tunnel-Medium-Type 0+ 0+ 0 0 0-1 66 Tunnel-Client-Endpoint 0+ 0+ 0 0 0-1 67 Tunnel-Server-Endpoint 0 0+ 0 0 0 69 Tunnel-Password 0+ 0+ 0 0 0-1 81 Tunnel-Private-Group-ID 0 0+ 0 0 0-1 82 Tunnel-Assignment-ID 0+ 0+ 0 0 0 83 Tunnel-Preference 0+ 0+ 0 0 0-1 90 Tunnel-Client-Auth-ID 0+ 0+ 0 0 0-1 91 Tunnel-Server-Auth-ID The following table defines the meaning of the above table entries. 0 This attribute MUST NOT be present in packet. 0+ Zero or more instances of this attribute MAY be present in packet. 0-1 Zero or one instance of this attribute MAY be present in packet. Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 15]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 5. Security Considerations The Tunnel-Password Attribute may contain information which should only be known to a tunnel endpoint. However, the method used to hide the value of the attribute is such that intervening RADIUS proxies will have knowledge of the contents. For this reason, the Tunnel- Password Attribute SHOULD NOT be included in Access-Accept packets which may pass through (relatively) untrusted RADIUS proxies. In addition, the Tunnel-Password Attribute SHOULD NOT be returned to an unauthenticated client; if the corresponding Access-Request packet did not contain a verified instance of the Signature Attribute [15], the Access-Accept packet SHOULD NOT contain an instance of the Tunnel-Password Attribute. Tunnel protocols offer various levels of security, from none (e.g., PPTP) to strong (e.g., IPSec). Note, however, that in the compulsory tunneling case any security measures in place only apply to traffic between the tunnel endpoints. In particular, end-users SHOULD NOT rely upon the security of the tunnel to protect their data; encryption and/or integrity protection of tunneled traffic MUST NOT be considered as a replacement for end-to-end security. 6. IANA Considerations This document defines a number of "magic" numbers to be maintained by the IANA. This section explains the criteria to be used by the IANA to assign additional numbers in each of these lists. The following subsections describe the assignment policy for the namespaces defined elsewhere in this document. 6.1. Tunnel-Type Attribute Values Values 1-12 of the Tunnel-Type Attribute are defined in Section 5.1; the remaining values are available for assignment by the IANA with IETF Consensus [16]. 6.2. Tunnel-Medium-Type Attribute Values Values 1-15 of the Tunnel-Medium-Type Attribute are defined in Section 5.2; the remaining values are available for assignment by the IANA with IETF Consensus [16]. 7. References [1] Hamzeh, K., Pall, G., Verthein, W., Taarud, J., Little, W. and G. Zorn, "Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP)", RFC 2637, July 1999. Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 16]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 [2] Valencia, A., Littlewood, M. and T. Kolar, T., "Cisco Layer Two Forwarding (Protocol) 'L2F'", RFC 2341, May 1998. [3] Townsley, W., Valencia, A., Rubens, A., Pall, G., Zorn, G. and B. Palter, "Layer Two Tunnelling Protocol (L2TP)", RFC 2661, August 1999. [4] Hamzeh, K., "Ascend Tunnel Management Protocol - ATMP", RFC 2107, February 1997. [5] Kent, S. and R. Atkinson, "Security Architecture for the Internet Protocol", RFC 2401, November 1998. [6] Perkins, C., "IP Encapsulation within IP", RFC 2003, October 1996. [7] Perkins, C., "Minimal Encapsulation within IP", RFC 2004, October 1996. [8] Atkinson, R., "IP Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP)", RFC 1827, August 1995. [9] Hanks, S., Li, T., Farinacci, D. and P. Traina, "Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE)", RFC 1701, October 1994. [10] Simpson, W., "IP in IP Tunneling", RFC 1853, October 1995. [11] Zorn, G. and D. Mitton, "RADIUS Accounting Modifications for Tunnel Protocol Support", RFC 2867, June 2000. [12] Rigney, C., Willens, S., Rubens, A. and W. Simpson, "Remote Authentication Dial in User Service (RADIUS)", RFC 2865, June 2000. [13] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [14] Reynolds, J. and J. Postel, "Assigned Numbers", STD 2, RFC 1700, October 1994. [15] Rigney, C., Willats, W. and P. Calhoun, "RADIUS Extensions", RFC 2869, June 2000. [16] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 2434, October 1998. [17] Hinden, R. and S. Deering, "IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture", RFC 2373, July 1998. Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 17]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 8. Acknowledgements Thanks to Dave Mitton for pointing out a nasty circular dependency in the original Tunnel-Password attribute definition and (in no particular order) to Kory Hamzeh, Bertrand Buclin, Andy Valencia, Bill Westfield, Kris Michielsen, Gurdeep Singh Pall, Ran Atkinson, Aydin Edguer, and Bernard Aboba for useful input and review. 9. Chair's Address The RADIUS Working Group can be contacted via the current chair: Carl Rigney Livingston Enterprises 4464 Willow Road Pleasanton, California 94588 Phone: +1 510 426 0770 EMail: cdr@livingston.com 10. Authors' Addresses Questions about this memo can also be directed to: Glen Zorn Cisco Systems, Inc. 500 108th Avenue N.E., Suite 500 Bellevue, Washington 98004 USA Phone: +1 425 438 8218 FAX: +1 425 438 1848 EMail: gwz@cisco.com Dory Leifer Ascend Communications 1678 Broadway Ann Arbor, MI 48105 Phone: +1 734 747 6152 EMail: leifer@del.com Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 18]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 John Shriver Intel Corporation 28 Crosby Drive Bedford, MA 01730 Phone: +1 781 687 1329 EMail: John.Shriver@intel.com Allan Rubens Ascend Communications 1678 Broadway Ann Arbor, MI 48105 Phone: +1 313 761 6025 EMail: acr@del.com Matt Holdrege ipVerse 223 Ximeno Ave. Long Beach, CA 90803 EMail: matt@ipverse.com Ignacio Goyret Lucent Technologies One Ascend Plaza 1701 Harbor Bay Parkway Alameda, CA 94502 Phone: +1 510 769 6001 EMail: igoyret@lucent.com Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 19]
RFC 2868 RADIUS Tunnel Authentication Attributes June 2000 11. Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Zorn, et al. Informational [Page 20]

   

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